Ifremer (French Ocean Research Institute, 1,500 employees, 211 M€ annual budget, 25 mainland and overseas locations in France) was created in 1984 and is a “public industrial and commercial institution” (EPIC) under the joint supervision of the Ministry of Higher Education and Research, and the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Sea.
The history of IFREMER is the merger of two worlds: That of marine fisheries in the second half of the 19th century with the creation of the Marine Fisheries Technical Service which evolved into the Marine Fisheries Scientific and Technical Service (OSTPM) by virtue of the Public Finance Act of 31 December 1918. It then became the Marine Fisheries Scientific and Technical Institute (ISTPM) 35 years later on 14 October 1953. Then, the history of IFREMER crossed paths with the development of oceanography and the increase in ocean exploration and measurements taken during expeditions in the early 20th century. After World War II, a Committee for Exploitation of the Oceans (COMEXO) was created. On 3 January 1967, Act 67-7 replaced COMEXO with the National Centre for Exploitation of the Oceans (CNEXO), specialised in ocean exploration with a strong emphasis on technology.
Through research, studies and expert assessments performed on main current socio-economic questions (climate change, marine biodiversity, pollution prevention, sustainable fishery and aquaculture, etc.), Ifremer contributes to increase knowledge about the oceans and their resources, the monitoring of marine and coastal zones and the sustainable development of maritime activities. For these goals, the Institute designs and operates observational, experimental and monitoring tools and facilities.
Well-established in the international scientific community, our scientists, engineers and technicians are committed to advance knowledge about our planet’s last unexplored frontiers. They provide the science we need for informed decision-making and public policy and they transfer this knowledge and technology to businesses to fulfill public and private needs. Core to our mission is also to strengthen public awareness about the importance of understanding the ocean and its resources, and empowering future generations of leaders through education and outreach national campaigns.